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Public Land Survey System

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PLSS to Latitude and Longitude

 Qtr Qtr Qtr  Qtr Qtr  Qtr/Lot     Section   Fraction 
 Township   Fraction   N/S     Range   Fraction   E/W 
Meridian  County 

Note: Only a Meridian or a County is required, not both.

Note: Fractions are Rare. If in doubt, Leave Fractions Blank

S2 T35N R21W Chisago County, Minnesota
Section 2, Township 35 North, Range 21 West, Fourth Principal Extended

Latitude and Longitude to PLSS

GPS Location
Latitude Longitude

Latitude 37.96197   Longitude -121.81423


Latitude   Longitude
Degree Minute Second N/S   Degree Minute Second E/W

Latitude 37° 57' 43" N   Longitude 121° 48' 51" W

A New Version using December 2018 Data

Updated: January 21, 2020

  • New Subscriber Version
  • New Demo Version
  • This version has full Montanna data.
  • Many areas in the other states are also more accurate.
  • This version has a more visual interface, which was optimized to explore the dataset.
  • You can drill down by clicking on the land map, but you need to click the calc button to get the latitude and longitude.
  • There are few subdivisions beyond the sections and quarter sections.
  • Some data is missing in this version that is included in the old version.
  • There are various issues with the names (and lack of names) on the very small land parcels in several states.

Public Land Survey System (PLSS)

The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is the surveying method used in the United States to divide real property.

It is regulated by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

Common Names for this System of Land Surveying

  • Legal Land Description
  • Public Land Survey System
  • Rectangular Survey System
  • United States Public Land Survey
  • Rectangular System of Surveys
  • U.S. Government Survey
  • Official Government Survey
  • Township and Range System
  • "According to the Government Survey Thereof"

Principal Meridians and Base Lines

US Public Land Survey System - Principal Meridians and Base Lines
Meridians and Base Lines of the United States

Rectangular Survey System

United States Rectangular Survey System

Township Numbering Diagram

US Public Land Survey System - Theoretical Township Numbering Diagram - Showing method of numbering sections with adjoining sections.

Typical Section Subdivisions

US Public Land Survey System - Typical Section Subdivisions

Section Subdivisions

US Public Land Survey System - Examples of Subdivision by Protraction

Original T1S R1E Mount Diablo Survey Plat

US Public Land Survey System - Original T1S R1E Mount Diablo Survey
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