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Public Land Survey System


PLSS to Latitude and Longitude

 Qtr Qtr Qtr  Qtr Qtr  Qtr/Lot     Section   Fraction 
 
 Township   Fraction   N/S     Range   Fraction   E/W 
 
State
Meridian  County 

Note: Only a Meridian or a County is required, not both.

Note: Fractions are Rare. If in doubt, Leave Fractions Blank

Example:
S2 T35N R21W Chisago County, Minnesota
Section 2, Township 35 North, Range 21 West, Fourth Principal Extended


Latitude and Longitude to PLSS

GPS Location
Latitude Longitude

Example:
Latitude 37.96197   Longitude -121.81423

 

Latitude   Longitude
Degree Minute Second N/S   Degree Minute Second E/W
 

Example:
Latitude 37° 57' 43" N   Longitude 121° 48' 51" W


Public Land Survey System (PLSS)

The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is the surveying method used in the United States to divide real property.

It is regulated by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

Common Names for this System of Land Surveying

  • Legal Land Description
  • Public Land Survey System
  • Rectangular Survey System
  • United States Public Land Survey
  • Rectangular System of Surveys
  • U.S. Government Survey
  • Official Government Survey
  • Township and Range System
  • "According to the Government Survey Thereof"


Principal Meridians and Base Lines

US Public Land Survey System - Principal Meridians and Base Lines
Meridians and Base Lines of the United States

Rectangular Survey System

United States Rectangular Survey System

Township Numbering Diagram

US Public Land Survey System - Theoretical Township Numbering Diagram - Showing method of numbering sections with adjoining sections.

Typical Section Subdivisions

US Public Land Survey System - Typical Section Subdivisions

Section Subdivisions

US Public Land Survey System - Examples of Subdivision by Protraction

Original T1S R1E Mount Diablo Survey Plat

US Public Land Survey System - Original T1S R1E Mount Diablo Survey
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